Tantrik Tea Ritual

When having tea with a Tantrika be ready to be taken on a journey..

Tantrik Tea Ritualistic Ceremony with Chantell 

First we arrive, we slow down and ever so gently soften into presence and reverence for all is divine. Then our journey begins and as we approach each step of the way we pause and give our love and gratitude for each of the elements.

Fire; the fire used to heat the water
Water; the water used to steep the tea
Earth; the tea leaves
Air; the steam when the hot water meets the leaves
And Ether; the emptiness or stillness one may experience when fully surrendering and becoming present with the tea in their hands.

Just As a yogini arrives to her mat, grounding into presence, a Ceremonialist Tea Tantrika arrives to her sheepskin, grounding in presence, pouring herself empty to be a clear channel for spirit to move through her. Stillness becomes her and the process of serving and partaking in tea becomes an art.

When the cup arrives into your hands feel its warmth, what sensations course through your body? Gaze upon its beauty, what do you see? Sip in its aroma, what do you smell? Where do these sensations take you? Then ever so slowly bring the cup to your lips, before you take your taste close your eyes, take in one little sip at a time. Allow the tea to tickle all of your taste buds than ever so subtly feel its warms moving through your body, your entire being. Now tell me what’s more tantrik than that?

I didn’t think it could, until we added in deity yoga to the service. In the photos here we gave homage to Chinnamasta. The goddess who decapitates her own head to feed her attendants. She is the sacrifice, the sacrificer and the recipient of the sacrifice. She is the self sacrificing goddess that transcends death. She is Samadhi. She is the bright lightning of instantaneous spiritual intuition that destroys and casts away the veil of ignorance, opening up the path towards supreme spiritual freedom. She is the ultimate goal as she goes beyond death, and is undying.


Integrated Tantra

Let us bridge the ancient Tantra Yoga Temple Arts with the Modern World and our collective need for  an understanding & integration of who we are as physical, sexual, spiritual and emotional beings in Holy Love.


Enter our Integrated Tantra School of Embodied Awareness, a Sacred Temple Arts fusion of Tantra Yoga, Tantra Massage, Meditation, Bodywork, Healing, Sacred Sexuality, Shamanic exploration & Classical Tantrik studies. We are available here to the curious, the novice, the initiated and the adept. 

Integrated Tantra has you awaken to your Body as a Temple, inviting you to live your life as a ritual of devotion in motion. With deep respect for the Tantrik path, “Liberation is nothing but your natural state when you are seeing the whole truth clearly.”

Integrated Tantra is a Ritual of Remembrance. A sacred ritual celebrates and activates, this inner transformation in a ceremonial way, which serves as a catayst to deepening in Holy Love in yourself and in your relationships. Everything is a reflection of the self and the self is everything.

Integrated Tantra invites you to become intimate with raw experience and to dive deep within the body. Awareness is the agent of all experience.

Integrated Tantra is about bringing sacredness into your life, and about honoring something greater than you and I. It is about honoring the mystery, and the bringer of life in all things, from the flowers to the trees, to the birds, the tiny caterpillar glistening on a fresh leaf, or the waking sun, and the moonlight. It is about honoring your breath and all your senses that allow you to experience this Life in embodied awareness. Your senses are the Gateway home. Explore your senses and truly feel the present moment.

Couples Integrated Tantra: Discover a deeper, richer, fuller experience with your beloved, taking you to new heights of spiritual communion. Play in the Ocean of Awareness together as Shiva & Shakti, mirroring the eternal lovers dance. This is a guided Integrated Tantra Ritual Massage, moving vertically and horizontally, on a massage table. Cultivate the Art of listening, with your heart, your body, your hands, your eyes, your entire being; spiritually, physically, emotionally in Holy Love. Learn how to truly give to one another on a massage table, each taking turns giving & receiving.

The entire universe vibrates with pleasure and desire, thus, in Tantra, the experience of pleasure on a microcosmic, individual level, evokes the universal process. At peak moments, the practitioner has an opportunity to experience a state of union (or Yoga) with all that is, with the infinite creative Ocean of bliss from which we all emerged. Imagine sharing that experience with another sweet soul. Imagine flowing in waves from the depths of the Ocean Soul together, upward toward the Sun, wrapped in spirals of cosmic creative light, pulsing with divine joy.

Sacred Sexuality:  Union of bodies, hearts, souls, minds, in spirit, in the sacred dance of physical loving. In sacred sexuality, when we’re deeply present, we come to know the privilege it is to caress, to pleasure, to enter and be entered by another human body, in reverence and full awareness.


Integrated Tantra is the Art of Shamanic Tantric Communion,  a choice for you & your Beloved to intentionally open yourselves up as Universal vessels, to receive the nectar from the fountains of infinite bliss, to embody the Divine Lover's Dance as Shiva & Shakti. It is a choice to trust, reveal and be seen.

By acting impeccably in the world, we create an atmosphere within and around us which not only nurtures our own development as human beings, but also betokens our ecstatic entry into the realm of self–awakening. We will need to be brave to open to the reality of who we are, but being brave in this context is simply having the courage to wake up to who we really are, to open ourselves thoroughly and honestly to this basic expression of what it means to be alive, to look deep within the mirror, the crystal Temple of the Soul... and recognize the whole.

Integrated Tantra requires the sensitivity to be completely, intentionally present, the willingness to feel raw emotional vulnerability, the openness to explore the unknown, and the courage to let the genie out of the bottle. You have the powerful potential to completely transform the way you see the world and your place within it. There is the opportunity of entering altered states of consciousness, where you may receive ecstatic visions and transmissions. Let the genie out of the bottle, ask for what you want to receive. The Infinite Love of the Universe wants to play with you!

Celebrate with us The Art & Body of Bliss. Expand and repose in pure awareness. The cross represents the human body and the rose represents the individual's unfolding consciousness. When you open your mind, alive in your heart, you access the very source of creation within you, tapping the holy nectar of divinity, the sacred sap of the Tree of Life.

Awareness is Aliveness.

The way you think is the way you feel.

We invite you to cultivate the garden of your mind, with care, intention and attention.

“Thought and emotion are like sugarcane and it’s juice. Thought and feeling are not different, one is dry and the other is juicy, you can enjoy both.”

The goddess is the womb of wisdom. Free yourself from the hunger of preferred experiences and claim your throne of awakened awareness to your embodied bliss essence ever-present.

Integrated Tantra is a Ritual of Remembrance. We are one tree in divinity, blossoming from our global Lotus, between the Tree of Life and the Tree of Knowledge. To co-create our New Story in Integrated Tantra, we are called to unite the past with the present, the East with the West, North and South, Inwards and Outwards, Above and Below, the left-hand and right-hand of Tantra, Shamanic-Classical-Neo-Tantra, all manner of world religions and philosophies into the Holy Love Heart Cauldron of Now.

We stand on the great evolutionary bridge of divine truth. May all beings learn to discern for themselves what is true. May all falsehood and ego be burned away in the dross, that we may do the great work of our highest alchemy. The light of a thousand suns shines its rays through each and everyone of us. No single culture, religion or philosophy owns the truth, rather, the truth owns us. Together, may we reach with all our branches toward the light of Creation's Mind, opening our hearts fully that all fear and divisiveness may be transformed by Holy Love into True Communion.

Let's get raw. Let's get real. Let's get juicy. Let's integrate and honor the Classical lineages of Tantra while celebrating our embodiment in this Goddess Play of Creation!

We hold the keys to all creation we perceive

Artwork by Mariela de la Paz

Embodiment For Men

✨COACHING FOR MEN: Women crave your Embodied Presence 

👑 So you’ve heard about Tantra, and you are curious to learn more.

👑 You’ve read The Power of Now and you think you’re on your way to becoming a present, awakened man and lover.

👉🏽 The first step to being truly embodied and present is to connect with your heart, emotions, sensations and vulnerability. Huge step. But massive self-connection starts here!

👉🏽 Reconcile parts of the false self, old conditioning, and old patterns that are stuck in the body, and breathe loving awareness into them. All parts of you are looking for unconditional love and acceptance.

👉🏽 This process is an ever unfolding journey, but if you want to be truly present - that means having access to your True Self.

👉🏽 It means shedding old definitions of what it means to be a man, including opening up to being truly vulnerable and feeling emotions.

👉🏽 It means releasing religious conditioning around sexuality

👉🏽 It means healing your core wound, or at least in the process of tending to it.

From there you can develop embodied presence (the ability to be awake and alive in every cell of your body, available for intimacy, vulnerability, as well as reading/dancing with another’s body in s3x and intimacy) through many different modalities.

It’s about bringing the awareness in your mind (A Shiva like quality) down and into your body (Shakti the feminine principle).

Other modalities to embodied presence:

✨Body-mind awareness: Getting to know sensations and emotions you’re feeling in your own body, so you can better sense and feel what is going on in you lover’s body. From there you can attune and hone in- deeply empathizing and being with the changes of the present moment with another person.

✨Yoga and meditation- yet this depends on the state of your awareness and what you’re focusing on. Vipassana is rooted in tracing sensation and highly effective at developing embodied presence.

✨Dance!!! This is a way to bring fun and play into your spiritual practice, to allow music to move your soul and to express emotions!

To your Embodied Awakening,





Temple Bodywork

Body of Bliss ~ Sacred Temple Bodywork

While the Kundalini Body of Bliss Therapy IS Tantric
, the recipient is in a horizontal & passive receptive space, rather than sitting up or interactive. A combination of bodywork styles are blended with full body-to-body flowing strokes, moving the energy continuously around the recipient's body; deep, strong, light and soft... Kundalini Body of Bliss Therapy is Sacred Temple Bodywork, our unique loving, shamanic & holistic version of Hawaiian Temple Bodywork. It is an invitation to be embraced fully in to "the wings of the Dove"... our wings, with Love.

The receiver is encouraged to go on an inward journey to experience the healing fully and deeply, to enter into a loving shamanic trance. This is an opportunity to connect one's body-heart-mind with the Fountains of Radiant Bliss, Source Creation.

It is the human condition of separateness that has us longing to touch and be touched, without judgment, in unconditional love and acceptance. We invite the shamanic tantric awakening to the love within the sacred temple of one's own heart and being, to the Art and Body of Bliss!

Tantric Ritual Bodywork

Tantric Ritual Bodywork combines the Kundalini Body of Bliss ~ Sacred Temple Bodywork(read above) ~ with various additional active tantric principles. The intention of our Tantric Ritual Bodywork sessions is to explore in a mutually dynamic interactive way, while bringing in Sacred Ritual components.

In this experience the Recipient is a loving participant and together as Giver & Receiver, we embody the love dance of Shakti & Shiva,  Dynamic action & Spacious stillness, Goddess & God, unveiling and mirroring our pure divine essence. We will play with many tantric yoga poses ~ beginning by opening our hearts through eye-gazing and dropping into a Ujai Ocean breath (slow deep breathing where you can hear the breath as it flows through the back of your throat), while sitting together in yab-yum(lover's yoga pose).

We will explain in the beginning how to follow the giver/therapist's breath & gestures. We will use words when necessary, yet, it's so nice to dissolve into essence, to escape the mind's constructs, to follow by touch, by tenderness, by intuition, by Spirit, by Love.

More Offerings:

Thai & Ayurvedic Bodywork

Hands on Healing

Group Energy Healing

Trauma Healing

Somatic Therapy

and more...

“Let the Way of the Heart shine thru~
Love upon Love upon Love,
All hearts are beating as one.
Light upon light upon light,
Shining as bright as the Sun.”

Like a Thousand Suns,
Thought is energy, and that energy stimulates energy factors in one’s hands. During the laying on of hands, the more concentrated one’s thoughts are on the Healing hands—as Goddess Instruments of Healing—the more energy activity is stimulated in the hands and in the part of the body being touched by the hands.

In the laying on of hands, we allow ourselves to be pure vessels, sacred chalices for the Radiant Light of Parā Devi to flow thru us and overflow from the Infinite Fountains of Divine Bliss.

May our outpouring be of benefit to all those we touch.



विश्वात्मिकां तदुत्तिर्णां हृदयं परमेशितुः।परादिशक्तिरूपेण स्फुरन्तीं संविदं नुमः॥

Viśvātmikāṁ taduttirṇāṁ hṛdayaṁ parameśituḥ |
Parādi-śakti-rūpeṇa sphurantīṁ saṁvidaṁ numaḥ ||

We sing the praises of the Heart of the Supreme Divinity, that vibrating & scintillating Consciousness in the form of the Three Powers (Parādi-śakti), manifesting as everything and yet transcending everything. || (Invocation verse)

Here, verily, the Supreme Divinity is the Light of Consciousness (prakāśa), and the Light of Consciousness has Reflectivity (vimarśa) as its essence. Reflectivity is so called because while taking the form/appearance of everything, shining as everything, and reabsorbing everything, [that Light] continually vibrates as the natural ‘I’-sense.

And …
“That pure unlimited consciousness transcending all principles of reality that are limited by nature from earth to Shiva alone is the supreme reality, that is the ground for the establishment of all things, that is the vital essence of the universe, by that all things live and breathe, and that alone am I. Thus, I embody all things and yet transcend all things. I embody the universe and yet transcend the universe. “-Tantrasara, Abhinavagupta

(Sanskrit translations by Christopher Wallis)

Tantric Jesus


Reclaim the Divine Spirit as the Holy Mother. Learn about the Sacred Feminine that existed in Gnostic Christianity. Learn about the Tantra of Jesus. In this deep immersive video, Raja introduces the Gnostic Christ of the Gospel of Thomas and other Gnostic Scriptures from the early days after the Crucifixion and how they relate to the Tantra of connecting to the Source Light.

A guide to the history and modern practice of transformative Christianity

• Reveals the original tantric wisdom of Jesus and the early Church and its resonance with the tantric yogas of India and Tibet

• Explains how tantric Christianity views the human body as the primary “temple” of the Holy and erotic energy as the signature of indwelling Divine Presence

• Provides step-by-step instructions for a series of Christian tantric practices, including a partnered sexual practice, mantra and energy work, eye gazing, and work with icons

Unbeknownst to many, the original Christian spirituality as practiced in the early church and by Jesus himself was a tantric spirituality. In the West, Tantra often evokes images of arcane rituals or acrobatic sexual positions, while in reality Tantra is a holistic transformative path of life, love, and being--grounded in practice.

Offering a new understanding of Jesus as guru and master of left-handed Tantra, James Reho, an Episcopal priest and tantric initiate, reframes the Christian story and restores to modern Christianity the tantric wisdom practices that were edited out of church tradition and forgotten over the centuries. He explains how tantric Christianity views the human body as the primary “temple” of the Holy, with erotic energy as the signature of Divine Presence within. Rev. Reho reveals the similarities of the earliest Christian practices to the tantric yogas of India and Tibet and explores the role of Kundalini and the chakras. He details how to work with mantras, icons, and pranayama breathing exercises, as well as with gazing as a spiritual practice. Informed by the insights of ancient texts and early masters of Christian spirituality, the author provides step-by-step instructions on how to practice Christian tantric sex with a life-partner of the opposite or same sex.

Rev. Reho reveals how these heart-opening practices are rooted in eros, the life of deep desire, expressive of God’s grace within us, and are still alive in monastic practices in the Christian East. Integrating his personal spiritual experiences, years of study of ancient Christian mysticism, and an expertise in yoga and tantra, the author shows how we can re-engage the original truths of the early church to affirm the body as a holy vehicle and to utilize the energy of the erotic to achieve ecstatic union with the Divine.

Awaken to the Universal Tantra of Truth, Holy Love.  

We are one tree in divinity, blossoming from our global Lotus, between the Tree of Life and the Tree of Knowledge.  To co-create our New Story, we are called to unite the past with the present, the East with the West, North and South, Inwards and Outwards, Above and Below, the left-hand and right-hand of Tantra, Shamanic-Classical-Neo-Tantra, all manner of world religions and philosophies into the Holy Love Heart Cauldron of Now.


Matrikas & Yoginis

A Yogini, in some contexts, is the sacred feminine force made incarnate, as an aspect of Parvati, and revered in yogini temples of India as the Eight Matrikas or the Sixty-four Yoginis.

Neo-Tantra as a Bridge

There is so much debate out in the world about Neo-Tantra, along with Sacred Sexuality, where many claim that such teachings are not about "Tantra". Many Classical Lineage-based Tantra Teachers frown upon Neo-Tantra and are quick to criticize.

I would like to offer a more inclusive and non-shaming perspective about Neo-Tantra, that instead of polarizing, outcasting  or trying to lop off this entire new branch on the Tree, we instead choose to view Neo-Tantra as a Bridge to the deeper understandings and the bigger journey of Tantra.

Consider this, many in the western world start off on a yoga mat in a yoga class as merely another form of exercise. Yet, the more they show up on the mat for these practices, the more the actual yoga is working through them and opening their bodies/minds/hearts and they often are fueled to go deeper and learn more about yoga and meditation, to include all that it means and entails.

Similarly, the quest to awaken and heal in these physical bodies, unifying sexuality and spirituality to blossom into our full fragrant wholeness is what brings most people into Neo-Tantra and Sacred Sexuality pursuits. As one continues down this path of learning and awakening, a desire fire gets lit to discover/uncover more of what "Tantra" is, which in turn leads them to seek out more advanced teachers who have both the scholarly studies combined with the devotional practices from one or more lineages. Thus, Neo-Tantra can be a bridge to Tantra, as one climbs from the outer branch down the Tree of Yoga, to the many treasures of understanding. Tantra is on the Tree of Yoga, Neo-Tantra is on the Tree of Yoga. Your journey  of discovery, embodiment, remembrance, awakening and liberation are all found in this Tree.

From the roots of Stone-age Shamanism, up through the ages and stages, to now. At Holy Love Institute of Tantra Yoga, we receive you where you are in your sacred journey, and bring you home to the truth of yourself.

"Shamana Ma leads us in engaging with the immediate urgency of being alive. Her Tigress gait leads us thru the jungles of sensual abundance, by a masterful prowess to hunt for love in all of its glitter and fur, to jump and bite thru into the tender fire source of juice and joy. Again & again, leading thru the ancient gateways of the eternal lesson: to hunt and ravish our hearts desire until we have finally found our greatest belonging - ourselves, lying naked and delicately alive on the fertile ground of truth."


The ultimate purpose of the Ashtanga practice is purification of the body and mind. By moving so quickly and powerfully, you will get a lot of tapas and everything extra, physical and mental, will have to get out the way. This practice has a strong sense of purpose and you are forced to focus and grow. Ashtanga can be considered a very "yang" style of yoga.

Ashtanga yoga involves syncing up a continuous and structured series of postures with the ujai breath. It features multiple asana series and each one must be mastered before moving to the next series.

The Ashtanga Vinyasa lineage, like any living lineage, is a hybrid of yoga methodologies and philosophies, which converge clearly in the teachings of the early Upanishads and blossom later in the practices of Hatha yoga and Tantra. The internal forms of Ashtanga Vinyasa yoga—using bandha, mudra, drishti, and ujjai breathing—are the pinnacle of Tantric technique, which are also brought to light in the broad clarifying context of Patanjali’s yoga philosophy and the nondualism of the Upanishads. This traditional approach is recognizable in Hindu and Buddhist contemplative traditions as well as in the direct experience the practice uncovers.

The Ashtanga Vinyasa lineage of practice, as taught today, comes to us directly through the teachings of T. Krishnamacharaya and K. Pattabhi Jois who collaborated in the 1930’s as teacher and student to develop the flowing form and series of postures we call Ashtanga Vinyasa yoga. Their work, derived in part from the internal principles of vinyasa found in the ancient Indian text, the Yoga Kurunta, draws together the potent threads of yoga asana with traditional Indian philosophy, pranayama, and meditation, so that integrated movement, form, and awareness invite the student into the present moment.

Ashtanga yoga literally means "eight-limbed yoga," as outlined by the sage Patanjali in the Yoga Sutras. According to Patanjali, the path of internal purification for revealing the Universal Self consists of the following eight spiritual practices:

Yama [moral codes]
Niyama [self-purification and study]
Asana [posture]
Pranayama [breath control]
Pratyahara [sense control]
Dharana [concentration]
Dhyana [meditation]
Samadhi [absorption into the Universal]

Ashtanga yoga is meant to calm your mind while improving circulation and strength in thebody. It also detoxifies the organs and muscles by creating a lot of heat and sweat through the intense poses. It is an intense practice best for more experienced yogis or individuals who aren’t afraid of a challenge—and who like structure—during their practice.

Michelle Scarbrough 500 E-RYT Yoga Teacher has a 12-week online program which has one learn and master how to teach a beginning Ashtanga class. We will be weaving her videos into the 2022 Shivakti Tantra Yoga Teacher Online Training, while her training also stands alone for those only wanting to learn Ashtanga. Michelle’s background is in Ashtanga Vinyasa is where she has led many past 200-hr Teacher Trainings.

Workshops and classes led and taught by Michelle Scarbrough.

Kaula Tantra

Kaula Tantra: The Feminine Side of Shamanism, led by women...

and the later synthesis of the Trika by Abhinavagupta:

"Abhinavagupta was initiated into the Kaula ultimately by the wife of his Kaula Teacher in a sexual union ritual, which brought him to his full kundalini awakening. All the other philosohical schools which he had been inititated into were great - but it was a woman & thru the sexual act which brought him to his full awakening. This Kaula is what we know in the west today as Tantra, because of the sexual act. He later talked about more philosophical types of Trika, yet he got his initial awakening through his Kaula sexual initiation."

Kaula is mantra Marga, meditating on the Sri Yantra: Ka E I La Hrim, Ha Sa Ka Ha La Hrim, Sa Ka La Hrim, Shreem.

Kundalini is sexual energy converted into spiritual energy.

We find in Kashmir, the higher esoteric Tantric traditions were more confined to the lineages established by enlightened Gurus. The secret traditions that issued into the mighty synthesis of Trika Śaivism forged by Abhinavagupta were largely of this sort.

Kaula Tantra is external Tantra that focuses on concrete practices and rituals. The left-handed Tantrics perform their worships with the use of meat, fish, intoxicants, mudras (certain gestures), and sexual contact. The right-handed Tantrics perform these rituals only symbolically.

Kaula Tantra focuses its practice on the Muladhara chakra, the first chakra, at the base of the spine. The Kaula Tantra practices are training for having control over the lower desires and physical needs of the body. The energy of the kundalini awakening is considered the divine feminine force, and is to be revered rather than used for mere sensual gratification.

Some right-handed Kaula Tantrics explain that their practice is higher than the left-handed, by virtue of the right-handed practices being only symbolic. Some of the practitioners of left-handed Tantrics explain that their practices are higher than the right-handed by virtue of their secrecy, pointing out that it is harder to find a teacher of these processes.

Much has been written about Kaula Tantra practices (though much more is not written). The Sanskrit scholars have access to many thousands of hand-written manuscripts about the mantras and rituals that go along with these practices.

For the student seeking this path, there appears to be many choices of places to go, people to learn from, books and manuscripts to read, and rituals to perform. It is no wonder that Kaula Tantra is the Tantra that has become so well known in these modern times.

However, the student would do well to be wary when choosing a teacher, as there seems to be a great deal of less than authentic guidance available. Some of the modern behaviors that have been labeled Tantra are only hedonism given a spiritual name, and are taught by people with little knowledge or experience of authentic Kaula Tantra or the higher schools of Tantra.  - by Swami Jnaneshvara Bharati

Kaula Trika (pictured here are Para, Para Para & Apara) puts a special emphasis on the physical body in spiritual practice "as a vessel of the Supreme".

Para: I am Shiva, ultimate reality. Non-dual.  Para Para: I sense that I am Shiva. The self - Jeeva. Dual Non-dual.  Apara: Shiva and I are separate. Matter - the body. Dual.

Kaula encompasses both daily life and mystical practices. Similarly to other tantric schools, it chooses a positive (affirmative) approach: instead of prescribing self-limitations and condemning various actions, it embraces such actions in a spiritual light. Thus, sexuality, love, social life and artistic pursuits are considered vectors of spiritual evolution. The main focus in Kaula is on practical methods for attaining enlightenment,  rather than engaging in complex philosophical debate. Whatever is pleasant and positive can be integrated in its practice.

The principal means employed in the Kaula practice are: the spiritual family, the practice of initiation rituals, the couple/the Yamala (sexual rituals such as maithuna), the body (spiritual alchemy inside one's own body), the energy (shakti) (controlled especially through the use of mantras and mystical phonemes) and the consciousness (seen as the epitome of one's whole being and of the universe itself).

The first phase of development is linked to the attainment of a state of non-duality described as an "absorption into the spiritual heart," nirvikalpa samadhi or experiencing the "uncreated light" of consciousness (prakāśa). 

The secret nondualist traditions – Krama and Trika – that prevailed in Kashmir sponsored the possibility that, to those who were prepared to receive it, their consciousness could be liberated by a direct transmission of the power of grace (śaktipāta) mediated by the Guru. The importance attributed to yogic practice as exemplified by the Vijñānabhairava further supplemented this tendency.